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Skin peels: Types and skin conditions treated

What Are Skin Peels?

Skin peels, also known as chemical peels, are non-invasive cosmetic treatments designed to improve the appearance and texture of your skin. They involve the application of a chemical solution to the skin, which exfoliates the top layer, revealing fresh, new skin beneath. These solutions are carefully formulated to address various skin concerns, making them a versatile tool in the world of aesthetics.

How Do Skin Peels Work?

The magic behind skin peels lies in their ability to stimulate skin renewal. The chemical solution applied to your skin works by breaking down the bonds between old skin cells, allowing them to shed more easily. As a result, your body naturally replaces them with new, healthier skin cells. This process can target issues like acne scars, fine lines, wrinkles, hyperpigmentation, and uneven skin tone.

The Benefits of Skin Peels

Let's talk about the amazing benefits of skin peels:

Improved Skin Texture: Say goodbye to rough and uneven skin. Skin peels leave your skin feeling smoother and softer.

Reduced Acne: Skin peels can help control acne outbreaks and minimize the appearance of acne scars.

Youthful Glow: Achieve that coveted youthful radiance by diminishing fine lines and wrinkles.

Even Skin Tone: Bid adieu to pesky pigmentation issues and uneven skin tone.

Boosted Collagen Production: Some skin peels stimulate collagen production, leading to firmer and plumper skin.

Customizable: There are different types of peels, from superficial to deep, catering to various skin concerns and sensitivities.

A General Overview of Skin Peel Types

There are three types of chemical peel, based on how deeply they exfoliate the skin:

Superficial Peels: These peels are mild and work on the outermost skin layer. They're great for a refreshing glow and can be done during lunch breaks.

Medium Peels: A bit deeper, medium peels target moderate skin concerns like fine lines and pigmentation.

Deep Peels: Reserved for more severe issues, deep peels require more downtime but offer remarkable results.

The right choice depends on the type and shade of a person’s skin and what issue they are hoping to address.

Superficial Peels

Superficial peels are the gentle giants of the peel world. They primarily target the outermost layer of your skin, known as the epidermis. Here's what you need to know about them:

How They Work: These peels utilize milder acids, such as alpha hydroxy acids (AHAs) or beta hydroxy acids (BHAs), to exfoliate the surface of your skin. They work by loosening and removing dead skin cells, revealing a brighter complexion underneath.

Suitable Skin Concerns: Superficial peels are ideal for individuals with minor skin issues like mild acne, dullness, and rough texture. They can also help improve the appearance of fine lines and sun damage.


  • Quick and Convenient: You can often squeeze in a superficial peel during your lunch break, as they typically take only around 15-30 minutes.

  • Minimal Downtime: You might experience some redness and peeling, but it's generally mild and short-lived.

  • A Healthy Glow: These peels are fantastic for maintaining healthy, radiant skin.

Medium Peels

Moving a step deeper, medium peels penetrate beyond the epidermis and reach the upper layers of the dermis. Here's what you should know:

How They Work: Medium peels use stronger acids like trichloroacetic acid (TCA) to exfoliate both the epidermis and the upper dermal layers. This process triggers collagen production and skin rejuvenation.

Suitable Skin Concerns: Medium peels are designed for individuals with moderate concerns, including moderate acne scarring, pigmentation issues, and deeper wrinkles.


  • Targeted Results: They offer more significant improvement in skin texture and tone compared to superficial peels.

  • Collagen Boost: The stimulation of collagen can result in firmer, smoother skin.

  • Reduced Pigmentation: Medium peels can effectively reduce the appearance of sunspots and melasma.

Deep Peels

Deep peels are the heavy hitters in the peel world. They reach deep into the dermal layer of your skin, making them highly effective but also requiring more downtime. Here's what you need to know:

How They Work: Deep peels typically use phenol or a combination of acids to deeply penetrate the skin. They target deep wrinkles, severe sun damage, and significant pigmentation issues.

Suitable Skin Concerns: Deep peels are reserved for individuals with severe skin concerns, including deep wrinkles, extensive sun damage, and pronounced acne scars.


  • Dramatic Transformation: Deep peels can produce remarkable results, with a significant reduction in the signs of aging and skin damage.

  • Long-Lasting Effects: The results from a deep peel can last for several years.

  • Collagen Remodeling: They stimulate extensive collagen production, leading to substantial skin tightening.

Side effects

The side effects of a chemical peel can be mild. However, some people develop lasting adverse effects, such as:

  • redness that lasts for months

  • temporary dark patches of skin

  • permanently lightened patches of skin

  • scarring

The best way to avoid these is to visit an experienced dermatologist and follow their aftercare instructions carefully.


In conclusion, skin peels are a powerful tool for achieving healthier, more radiant skin. Whether you're tackling acne, signs of aging, or simply want to enhance your skin's overall appearance, there's likely a peel that suits your needs.

Before you go, remember that consultation with a skincare professional. They'll assess your skin, discuss your goals, and recommend the most suitable peel for your unique needs. Your journey to glowing skin starts with a single step, and that step can be a skin peel.

Don't hesitate to reach out to us with any questions or to book your appointment. We're here to support your journey towards healthier, more beautiful skin. Stay tuned for more skincare tips and insights from the Est-Ethics Team!